The Academy of Finland has three research councils:
- the Research Council for Biosciences, Health and the Environment
- the Research Council for Culture and Society
- the Research Council for Natural Sciences and Engineering.
The research councils grant funding for scientific research and the development and utilisation of research framework conditions. They decide on the funding for international research infrastructures, if collaboration is not based on Finland’s membership. They also monitor the impact and effectiveness of research funding and promote research together with other Academy bodies.
The Finnish Government appoints the chair and members for each research council for a three-year term. The term of the current research councils is 1 January 2019–31 December 2021.
The research councils represent extensive and excellent scientific expertise. The members represent research and science in a broad sense; they are not representatives of a single discipline, university or research institute.
Suitable members can be proposed to the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture by universities, research institutes, R&D stakeholders and organisations, learned societies, academies, and representatives of the research community. The Ministry will consult different parties before appointing the research councils.