Disqualification

The Academy of Finland requires that the Finnish Advisory Board on Research Integrity guidelines Responsible conduct of research and procedures for handling allegations of misconduct in Finland is followed in all Academy-funded research. We also require that researchers follow ALLEA’s (All European Academies) European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity (link takes you to ALLEA’s website) when engaging in international collaboration.

The Academy will not process a funding application if the applicant has been found guilty of research misconduct in the three years preceding the year of the call. If the Academy finds out about the misconduct during the funding period, whatever is left of the funding period will be added to the three-year limit. If the applicant appeals the decision on the misconduct, and the appeal is successful, the Academy will process the applicant’s new applications following normal procedures. Read more about the ethical questions.

The Academy of Finland’s regulations on disqualification apply to the members of the decision-making bodies (decision-makers) and to the staff of the Administration Office, but also, where applicable, to external experts. Regulations on disqualification aims to ensure the impartiality of the people involved in the processes. Depending on the reason of their disqualification, a person can be disqualified with regard to an individual application or all the applications within one funding instrument. Disqualification in the public sector is governed by the Administrative Procedure Act (434/2003). 

Disqualification of a member of a decision-making body or an official

A member of a decision-making body or an official must not use their authority to promote their private benefits or interests. Additionally, a member of a decision-making body must not use their authority to further the benefits and interests of their own research group or institution. The basis for a decision must not be any kind of subjective benefit. Authority must not be used to harm anyone or anything.

Regulations on disqualification aim to promote the impartiality of decision-making and prevent inappropriate influence in the result. Discretion must be based on objectivity and justice. A disqualified person may not be a party to or be present at proceedings.

A member of a decision-making body or an official is disqualified

  1. if they are or their family member is a party
  2. if they are or their family member assist or represent a party or a person who is expected to gain particular advantage or disadvantage as the result of the proceedings
  3. if they are or their family member is expected to gain advantage or disadvantage as the result of the proceedings
  4. if they are employed or have received a commission concerning the proceedings by a party or a person who is expected to gain particular advantage or disadvantage as the result of the proceedings
  5. if they are or their family member is a member, an executive director or similar in a board of directors, management board or a similar institution within a community, a foundation, a state enterprise or an enterprise that is a party or that is expected to gain particular advantage or disadvantage as the result of the proceedings
  6. if they or their family member are a member of a steering board or similar in an agency or an institution, and the proceedings consider the steering or supervision of this agency or institution
  7. if trust in their impartiality is compromised in another particular reason.

A family member refers to

  1. a spouse and a child, grandchild, sibling, parent, grandparent and other particularly close person, as well as this person’s spouse
  2. parents’ siblings and their spouse, siblings’ children and ex-spouse
  3. spouse’s child, grandchild, sibling, parent and grandparent, as well as this person’s spouse and spouse’s siblings’ children. 

A relationship between friends or enemies, or a polemic relationship is a basis for disqualification only if it compromises impartiality. This is determined by the strength of the relationship. As differences in methodology and school of thought are a part of scientific discourse, they do not result in disqualification. 

With regard to co-publications, there must be genuine collaboration and co-writing. A situation, where both a member of a decision-making body or an official and an applicant have been published in the same publication does not result in disqualification. 

Additionally, the opportunities of the members of decision-making bodies to apply or receive Academy funding during their term has been restricted. Members of the Academy Board, research councils and the Strategic Research Council will not be granted Academy funding during their terms. However, the restriction does not apply to funding instruments where the applicant is an organisation. Academy Programmes do not grant funding to a person who has participated in the planning of the programme to an extent likely to give them a comparative advantage over other applicants. This condition also applies to members of preparation or steering groups or permanent experts for the programme concerned. Neither is research funding granted to Academy staff.

Disqualification of an expert

Regulations on disqualification apply, where appropriate, also to external experts. 

An expert may not give a review report:

  • If accepting or rejecting the project may gain them advantage or disadvantage
  • They have collaborated with the applicant  
    • if they have written a co-publication with the applicant during the last three years
    • if they are a part of the same research group as the applicant or have participated in publishing or applying the results
  • if they have been the applicant’s superior, subordinate or supervisor during the last three years
  • They are applying for the same position as the applicant
  • They are applying for Academy funding in the same call
  • They are the applicant’s immediate family Immediate family includes
    • a spouse or partner, child, grandchild, sibling, parent, grandparent or other particularly close person (e.g. fiancé or close friend) as well as their spouses and partners
    • parents’ sibling or their spouse or partner, siblings’ child, ex-spouse or ex-partner
    • spouse’s or partner’s child, grandchild, sibling, parent, grandparent, spouse’s  or partner’s sibling’s child
    • half-relative comparable to the above

An expert must disqualify themselves also if their impartiality might otherwise be compromised or if they feel that there is a conflict of interests. 

Experts are informed about the regulations on disqualification in the review guidelines for research projects. In accepting their assignment they commit to adhering to the guidelines.

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