Centre of Excellence in Quark Matter
Lappi Tuomas (University of Jyväskylä, UJ); Eskola Kari (UJ); Kim Dong (UJ); Paukkunen Hannu Tuomas (UJ) and Räsänen Sami (UJ)
The Centre of Excellence in Quark Matter studies the strong interaction between the fundamental constituents of ordinary matter, quarks and gluons. This interaction is described by the theory of quantum chromodynamics, QCD. The goal of the CoE is to understand how these degrees of freedom become visible in high-energy collider experiments. In particular, the CoE addresses the question of how and when matter turns into a new state of deconfined quark matter, quark-gluon plasma.
The CoE consists of three theoretical and two experimental research teams. The research of the theory teams is relevant for understanding measurements at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and also at the world’s most powerful microscope, the future Electron-Ion Collider EIC, which will soon begin construction in the US. The experimental teams are part of the ALICE collaboration, which operates one of the major LHC detectors, specialising in studying the properties of the quark-gluon plasma.