Demographic Changes – Causes, Consequences and Solutions (DEMOGRAPHY)

This strategic research programme seeks research-based solutions for adapting to changes in the population’s age structure and maintaining the functional and renewal capacity of society. The Finnish population is ageing, birth rates are declining, and the number of working-age people is decreasing. The decline in the birth rate and the ageing of the population will comprehensively challenge the institutional structures of society from working life to democracy. They will affect family structures, social relationships and life stages, both the need for and the supply of services and the resources available. Pension, health and social expenditure will increase, tax revenue will decrease, the dependency ratio will deteriorate. What will our welfare state look like in a different Finland with a changed age structure? In order to safeguard the future of the welfare society, it is essential to examine how demographic changes will shape the Finnish society and how the changes can be adapted to and influenced.


Life course and economic implications of demographic change (LIFECON)

Consortium PI: Taina Leinonen, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
Responsible for interaction activities: Kristiina Kulha, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health

Consortium composition: Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, ETLA Economic Research, University of Helsinki

Family Formation in Flux - Causes, Consequences, and Possible Futures (FLUX)

Consortium PI: Marika Jalovaara, University of Turku
Resposible for interaction activities: Mari Leino, University of Turku

Consortium composition: University of Turku, University of Helsinki, Åbo Akademi University, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare

Social networks, fertility and wellbeing in ageing populations: Building demographics resilience in Finland (NetResilience)

Consortium PI: Antti Tanskanen, University of Turku
Responsible for interaction activities: Tiina Helamaa, Väestöliitto

Consortium composition: University of Turku, Väestöliitto, University of Helsinki, Aalto University

Mobile Futures: Diversity, Trust, and Two-Way Integration (Mobile Futures)

Consortium PI: Magdalena Kmak, Åbo Akademi University
Responsible for interaction activities: Yasmin Samaletdin, Åbo Akademi Univeristy

Consortium composition: Åbo Akademi Univeristy, Migration Institute of Finland, Universy of Oulu, University of Turku

Economic and social sustainability across time and space in an ageing society (SustAgeable)

Consortium PI: Maria Vaalavuo, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare
Responsible for interaction activities: Kaisa Lähteenmäki-Smith, MDI Regional Development Consultancy

Consortium composition: Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, MDI Regional Development Consultancy, University of Eastern Finland, VATT Institute for Economic Research, University of Lapland

More information

  • Programme Director Susan Kuivalainen, Head of Department, Docent, Finnish Centre for Pensions, firstname.lastname(at)

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