Demographic Changes – Causes, Consequences and Solutions (DEMOGRAPHY)

This strategic research programme seeks research-based solutions for adapting to changes in the population’s age structure and maintaining the functional and renewal capacity of society. The Finnish population is ageing, birth rates are declining, and the number of working-age people is decreasing. The decline in the birth rate and the ageing of the population will comprehensively challenge the institutional structures of society from working life to democracy. They will affect family structures, social relationships and life stages, both the need for and the supply of services and the resources available. Pension, health and social expenditure will increase, tax revenue will decrease, the dependency ratio will deteriorate. What will our welfare state look like in a different Finland with a changed age structure? In order to safeguard the future of the welfare society, it is essential to examine how demographic changes will shape the Finnish society and how the changes can be adapted to and influenced.

More information

  • Krista Nuutinen, Science Adviser, tel. +358 29 533 5043, firstname.lastname(at)

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