The International Continental Scientific Programme (ICDP) is an international scientific research programme designed to promote and coordinate continental scientific drilling projects. The programme’s themes include the manner in which Earth’s climate has changed in the recent past and the reasons for such changes; the nature of the deep biosphere and its relation to geologic processes such as hydrocarbon maturation and ore deposition; and the fundamental physics of plate tectonics and heat, mass and fluid transfer through Earth’s crust.
At the beginning of 2013, the programme included 23 member countries (Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, China, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK and USA) and other organisations and companies as well. Researchers from the member countries may submit proposals to the programme. Finland joined the ICDP in 2005 and the Academy of Finland pays Finland's annual membership fee.