The ERA-NET scheme, a funding instrument of the EU Framework Programme, contributes to the promotion of cooperation between national research programmes and research funding agencies. ERA-NETs network national or regional programmes, support cooperation and coordination of national and regional research programmes, increase systematic exchange of information between programmes and map out obstacles to cooperation.
ERA-NETs organise multinational calls for researchers within themes that are planned in cooperation with the actors involved in the network. Within the scheme, the European Commission provides funding to national funding agencies to cover their coordination and administration costs related to ERA-NET activities. Through ERA-NET Plus funding, the Commission also contributes to the funding of ERA-NET research programmes together with the funding agencies involved in ERA-NET networks. ERA-NET partner organisations separately decide on their participation in joint calls. After the Commission’s funding has ended, ERA-NETs can function as independent (funding) networks or as part of Joint Programming Initiatives.
The Academy has actively participated in various components within ERA-NETs and been responsible for the preparation of work that is related to the Academy’s own activities in Finland. In ERA-NET calls opened between 2007 and 2014, the Academy has provided some 22 million euros in funding to Finnish researchers in funded consortia.
INCO-NET (International Cooperation Network) was one of the funding schemes within International Cooperation (INCO) that was included in the specific programme “Capacities” of the EU Seventh Framework Programme. INCO was aimed at increasing FP participation by third countries and at creating opportunities for European researchers to participate in research programmes and research funding in third countries.
Besides INCO-NETs and international ERA-NETs, the INCO programme also provides funding for projects associated with bilateral actions (BILAT, EU-ACCESS).
The Academy of Finland and Finnish researchers have participated in the following networks:
CAAST-Net (2008-2012) (Coordination and Advancement of Sub-Saharan Africa-EU Science & Technology Cooperation)
CAAST-Net has involved participants from UK (coordinator), Germany, France, South-Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Ruanda, Norway, Sweden, Madagaskar, Ghana, Kap Verde, Kamerun, Senegal, Portugal and Finland (Finnish Universities' Partnership for International Development).
The Academy of Finland participated in the ERA-NET project CIRCLE (Climate Impact Research Coordination within a Larger Europe) during 2005-2009. The project was coordinated by Umweltbundesamt, the Austrian Federal Environment Agency. CIRCLE included 16 partners from eleven countries and had a budget of 2.8 million euros.
CO-REACH was a network of European S&T policy and funding organisations involved in promoting research cooperation with China in the natural sciences, medical and life sciences, engineering sciences, social sciences and humanities. The network intended to create coherence and synergy in Europe's S&T relations with China. It did so by promoting the coordination of China-related policies and associated research funding programmes of individual European countries, and integrating these efforts with those of other multi-lateral European initiatives, including the programmes and agreements of the European Commission.
EECA (2008-2012) (Cooperation Network for Eastern European and Central Asian Countries)
ERA-PG (ERA-NET in Plant Genomics) coordinates the planning and integration of national research programmes by spreading best practices, developing common programme management procedures, and joint activities such as the pooling of resources and joint call for proposals.
ERA-AGE (European Research Area in Ageing Research) is an ERA-NET project of the EU Sixth Framework Programme with the aim to network funding agencies within ageing research. ERA-AGE was started in 2004. ERA-AGE opened its first joint call for postdoctoral researchers in ageing research in 2007. ERA-AGE 2 was launched in 2009, with funding from the Seventh Framework Programme.
EULARINET (2008-2012) (Latin America Research and Innovation NETworks)
The aim of the network has been to find out new joint research themes for European and South-American researchers within the FP7 Cooperation programme. EULARINET has involved partner organizations from Spain (coordinator), Argentina, Austria, Brasilia, Chile, Columbia and Finland (Academy Finland).
ERA-SAGE (European Research Area on Societal Aspects of Genomics) was coordinated by the Netherlands Genomics Initiative. The project had eleven partner organisations from nine countries. In the process of constructing a unified Europe it is very important to be aware of and take into consideration the differences in national, social and cultural norms and values, and thus the way each country deals with new technologies.
The ERA-NET MarinERA (National and Regional Marine RTD Activities in Europe) was coordinated by IFREMER (Institute Français de Research pour l'exploitation de la Mer) in France. The Academy of Finland was involved as a partner. In all, the project comprised 15 partners from 13 countries. The objectives of MarinERA were related to the internationalisation and effectiveness of marine research, for instance. The budget was EUR 2.95 million for 2004–2008.
The ERA-NET PathoGenoMics was a project for cooperation and coordination of genome sequencing and functional genomics of human-pathogenic microorganisms. Pathogenomics started in 2004 and ran until 2012.
The ERA-NET PrioMedChild (Priority Medicines For Children) was a partnership network of research funding organisations from eleven countries (Estonia, Finland, France, the UK, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Sweden). The network was designed to promote research on research themes such as medicines for children, and specifically their composition, dosages, safety and impact.
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