The traditional Finnish model of employment and welfare is under pressure from a number of changes. Over the past decade, the escalating trends of globalisation (increasing economic openness), ICT development and population ageing have had a major impact on the organisation of work and welfare.
Together with the continuing development of technology, increasing economic openness and international competition have led to rapid changes in various fields of production. Not only the nature of work, but also the organisation of work and the ways in which labour is used in the workplace have all been changing. Jobs have been relocated in foreign countries and the labour market as a whole has become less stable.
The rapid ageing of the population will continue to adversely affect the dependency ratio and increase the need for health care and social services as well as for informal care. These developments have revealed inflexibilities in the existing social security system in terms of its ability to guarantee a subsistence income to all citizens. They have also raised concerns about the continuity of welfare state funding and prompted calls for a higher employment rate and higher labour productivity in the national economy.
The other overall aims of the programme were
- to promote the application of new research methods in the field of work and well-being
- to activate an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approach in the field
- to promote international researcher mobility
- to support researcher training
- to co-ordinate scattered research environments and research capacities
- to intensify the flow of information and dissemination of research results among researchers and between researchers and different stakeholder groups (business companies, public organisations, policy-makers, the media and citizens)
The temes were
- The changing relationships between work, livelihood and the life sphere
- The appeal of working life
- Diversifying of labour
- Structural unemployment and the precariate
- Well-being, health and work
- Work as an economic foundation of welfare
The programme was coordinated by Programme Manager Petteri Pietikäinen, Academy of Finland