There are four Research Councils at the Academy of Finland. They each carry out the Academy's tasks within their respective field of expertise.
The Government appoints a Chair and a maximum of ten members for each Research Council for three years. In these appointments, care is taken to ensure that the Research Councils shall represent versatile scientific expertise of a high standard. Before the appointment of a Research Council, the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture shall hear the universities, government research institutes, public authorities and corporate bodies representing research and development, major scientific societies and science academies.